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A brief biography of Jayavarman VII, the most famous Khmer hero

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Jayavarman VII had two wives, Jayavarman Devi and Indra Devi. Jayaraja Devi was married before Jayavarman VII ascended the throne. Jayaraja Devi died and Indra Devi, who was ready to be married to Akka Hesy.

Royal biography by inscription

A large plaque of the Preah Khan temple in Siem Reap, a glorious former Khmer city spotted by Charles Georges Cédes was a Frenchman who published in 1941. Dissemination of the most important data related to the biography of Jayavarman VII, the great hero in the Mohanakor period. Some Cambodian public opinion is not yet aware of these key pieces of information. However, Cambodian historians have unofficially translated it for the Cambodian people as general knowledge of history. Another level. It should also be noted that this inscription (k-908) has a total of 111 words. Khmer archaeologist Michel Trané says that the original 18 words of the inscription It is identical to the contents of the Ta Prohm inscription. He translated some of the words, especially the biography of Jayavarman VII, as follows:

“As a king, he was held by all the kings of the land in his hands, and people worshiped him. He was the greatest of all wisdoms, the son of King Srutvarman and Queen Srey. Sresvarman was a good person through the glorious Dharma, the source of the holy dynasty ”(verse 6).

“He is the sun in the sky, a Cambodian family born on the mountain east of Jayatitpura. He awakened the lotus heart of all beings as a storehouse of radiance, the emperor of Srestapura ”(verse 7).

“Born in the great kingdom of the maternal family, where the moon shines with a radiant, glorious glory. Transparent like Princess Lakshmi, she leads the top women (the queen) of Kampuchea Reach Lakshmi ”(8th verse).

“The husband of the land of Bhavapura, King Bhavarman Tevak, has a radiant beauty that brings charm to his kingdom. Full of talent, the birthplace of the royal family, like those with immortal rays. He comforted the suffering of his people ”(verse 9).

“People with good manners, fame, epics that they can not blame everything. And he was born in that family and created works for people of all backgrounds. The joy of the enemy in battle, and the glorious royal deeds that spread from word to word everywhere ”(Keatha 10th).

“Through this King and Queen, Princess Chey Reach Jodamani was born”… “Compared to the element created by Stubbornness, like beauty, like beauty, like an indescribable attitude, like a fish born with charity. »(Verses 11-12).

“Reigned at Srey Mon Yasodharapura, King Jayavarman Deva, after the waves of the enemy, he set up a pole to the sea The pillars of victory in all directions, he and his ancestors at the Mahadharpura ”(verse 13).

“The daughter of Srey Hashvarman gave birth to a great man, King Jayavarman VII, who shone like fire. Red is like a princess who made Brahma the queen of the devas due to worship. “Good for the defense of the land, killed the enemy commanders” (18th verse).

In conclusion, there is no doubt that King Jayavarman VII was indeed a dynasty of Khmer kings who inherited the lineage from God. The great heroes of the Nokor Phnom and Chenla eras were astonishing and he was also a great statesman who protected Our Khmer territory, with high dedication, finds nothing comparable.

Handprints in the construction of five major national roads during his reign

Not only did it build countless hospitals and seminaries during the reign of Jayavarman VII. He built five major national roads for travel through the empire. Mr. Vong Sotheara, Professor of Inscription and History of Khmer and Vice President of the Department of History of the Royal University of Phnom Penh, said recently that During his reign, he built five major roads. The first line is the western road from Yasodhapura through Phnom Srok to Stok Kak Thom and Banteay Chhmar. The second line is the road in the northwest of the country from Yasodhapura to Prasat Pimai. The third northern line (unknown) is described as a roundabout, from the capital to the city of Chey Vat, Chey Sing Vatey. Chey Virey Chey Reach Kiri Srey Sovir Borey returned to Yasothpura. The fourth lane northeast from Yasodhapura to the Cham capital and the fifth lane east from Yasodhapura is likely to lead to Sambor Prei Kuk Traces of ancient bridges can be seen along National Road 6 from the ancient bridge in Kampong Kdei to Dam Iron. Professor Vong Sotheara said that the construction of five roads on the road, he built a seminary and lighting. 121 places for public shelters for general travelers. He said that in the inscription of Preah Khan temple, there are 17 synagogues on the northwest road, 14 synagogues on the north road and lights There are 57 seminars on the northeast road, including Phleung and 1 at Suryavitki, Phnom Chisor, 1 at Vichayatit and 1 at Kalyan Sithkak, most likely in Romduol district. Svay Rieng Province. In addition, the remaining 30 seminars As there are no inscriptions, the remaining synagogues are likely to be built along the west and east streets, according to Professor Vong. Sotheara. He said that in addition to this, he built 102 hospitals, which in that language were called archeological schools, with offerings. Plenty to support life and activities in each hospital There are a total of about 90 people for each hospital. Professor Vong Sovatheara continued, “Patients of all social statuses can receive treatment without discrimination” (Say Inscription) Flock No. K 368). He added that it was because of his concern for the welfare that some researchers suspected that he Leprosy by those researchers

About Jayavarman VII (Almighty King and Royal Family)

Jayavarman VII was the last great and powerful king of the Kingdom of Angkor. Cambodian historian Aymonier studied Jayavarman VII and concluded that he was the country’s most glorious monarch. Cambodia. The unification of Jayavarman VII began in the bulletin of the French School of the Far East Louis by Louis Finot ) A Sanskrit inscription found by Georges Maspero at Say Fong near Vientiane provides information. ពី From the construction of a hospital in c. S 1186. Louis Finot noted that the inscription was synonymous with the pillars found in the Gulf of Thailand. Near the border of Cochinchina (Kampuchea Krom) and the name Jayavarman VII is often mentioned in Cham inscriptions as a warrior A huge and wonderful one. He concluded that “inscriptions from Laos below to the coast of Annam and to some of Cochinchina below Describe some of his successes and his good deeds. These illuminate the image of this king in the darkness of Cambodia’s past. ” To the coast of Annam and to the land of Cochinchina below, some described his successes, others about his good deeds. He. These illuminate the image of this king in the darkness of Cambodia’s past. ” To the coast of Annam and to the land of Cochinchina below, some described his successes, others about his good deeds. He. These illuminate the image of this king in the darkness of Cambodia’s past. ”

Darkness was also dispelled by the patience of Louis Fenot, who spent 40 years in research. The name of this king was only known in AD. 1900 – The French School of the Far East is established. He is now considered one of the mightiest kings of all time. Of Cambodia. He expanded the largest territory in both Champa and built many temples throughout the country. Many of the inscriptions he left behind were three inscriptions: Ta Prohm, Preah Khan, and Banteay Chhmar, which were bulletins of the French school. The Far East (Bulletin de L’École française d’Extrême-Orient) was published. The order of the hospital in the inscription at the bottom comes from the temple of Phiman Akas, which was found in AD. 1916 In the palace of Angkor Thom and a Cham inscription in Mỹ-Sơn, Luffinot, published in the Bulletin of French school. Jayavarman VII was as powerful as the French kings Louis VII and Philippe Auguste, during his reign. In the same period.

His royal genealogy is well known. His father reigned for a short time between AD. 1155. Jayavarman VII was a cousin of Suryavarman II who waged war until Tonkin and the construction of Angkor. The pagoda is his stupa. His mother was a blood relative to a foreign dynasty that ruled the country for most of the 11th century and the queen. Pre-Angkorian Cambodia. Prince Jayavarman was born between AD 1120 or as long as AD 1125 During the reign of King Suryavarman II, he married a child from Queen Chey Reach Devi, who had a strong influence on him. In governing the country.

He was later ordered to raise troops to attack Champa in the Vichai area (now Binh Dinh province, Vietnam). The absence of her husband caused Princess Chey Reach Devi to fall into the pit of grief that the inscriptions of the Royal Palace written by Princess Indra Devi were. Her half-brother. The inscription describes that the princess was in the canyon of tears, mourning like Sita, separated from her husband. Pray for the return of the husband, the means of forgetting this great sorrow, she was venerated in Brahmanism and later Become a monk in Buddhism.


Princess Indra Devi and Princess Chey Reach Devi, wife of King Jayavarman VII

The inscription reads, “Receiving education from her sister, she thinks that Buddhism is her favorite. “Take the path of Buddhism, the quiet path to cross the fire of sorrow and the sea of ​​pain.” When Jayavarman VII was in Champa, his father, Dharaninvarman II, died. The successor monarch named Yasovarman II, whose biography is unknown. During the reign of this king, there was a tragic event inscribed on the inscriptions and statues at Banteay Chhmar temple. Inscriptions and sculptures of this temple say that Yasovarman II was attacked by Rahu like before the eclipse or eclipse, but a young king. The savior is likely the son of a future Jayavarman VII.

The inscription reads: The army broke and ran away… The prince entered the battle. “Two soldiers joined him in battle and defeated Brother Rahu.” However, King Yasovarman II was overthrown by a high-ranking official under the name of Trey Phou Nathit in AD. 1165. Jayavarman VII hurried back from Champa to rescue Yasovarman II. The inscription continued, “But King Yasovarman II was assassinated by the intruders and Prince Jayavarman VII remained in Cambodia.” To wait for a good time to recover from a situation full of crime. The princess, who was saddened by her husband’s absence, disappeared from her grief, wanting to see him. “Liberate the country from this sinking ocean of misery.” Jayavarman VII, who returned late and saw the intruders on his throne, He did not return to Champa, and with the help of his wife, he stayed in Cambodia. “The time is right.” He had to wait for 15 years. At the same time that there was interference in Cambodia, in Champa there was also interference in AD. 1166-1167 Named Jay Indravarman. This king paid tribute to the Annamite king named Ly Anton in AD. 1170 to keep the country neutral.

Meanwhile, the northern border of Champa was calm and the Cham king raised an offensive. Cambodia. The inscription Phiman Akas writes, “King Jay Indravarman (King of Cham) was not as fearless as Krong Rap on a chariot carrying weapons. Cambodia. But the offensive was not successful. Cham king Jay Indravarman changed his tactics from attacking on land to attacking on the navy. In AD In 1177, the Cham king raised a navy to attack the Khmer, with a Chinese ship sinking to guide him. The army entered the Mekong River and climbed to the Tonle Sap Lake. Angkor fell to the Chams, and King Chreu Reach Trey Phou Nathitvarman was killed in battle. The Cham army took control of the city and destroyed it and gathered a large amount of property from the city. The throne shall be vacant, without a king to reign. Jayavarman VII thought that this was a good time, but before proclaiming himself king, he had to be liberated. The country came out of foreign rule first. He also raised troops to drive out the Chams by sea, as the statues on the walls of Bayon and Banteay Chhmar temples had done. Liberate the whole country. Four years after the Cham invasion in AD 1177 AD 1181 Cambodia is at peace and Jayavarman VII proclaims the throne. At the same time, he rebuilt the capital. “The city of Yasodhapura, like a virgin in a noble family, mingled with her fiancé in a lustful affair. The palace of precious stones and covered with a strong wall is Angkor. The couple was married by the king to create the happiness of the world under his great victory. Take it. An inscription on the corner of the walls of Angkor Thom states that the royal city where the king was married was none other than the city of Angkor Thom. Not Bakheng temple in the late 9th century. But the current city where the center is the Bayon temple. When the Chams invaded the country, AD 1177 According to Chinese historian Ma Tuon Lin, Jayavarman VII “vowed to avenge his enemies, and this work could not be tolerated. Silent for 15 years. But before fulfilling his vow to wage war on the Cham in the country, he had to quell the uprising on the side. Gems of the territory of Battambang. To quell the rebellion, he ordered a Cham king named Vityanan to raise an army and subdue it. It should be noted that this Cham king has been living with him since he was a child. His childhood in AD 1182 Prince Vityanon arrives in Cambodia. The King of Cambodia (Jayavarman VII ascended the throne last year) saw 33 characteristics of the prince. He also loved the king and taught science and tactics to the prince. When the prince was in Cambodia, the kingdom had an area called Mulay, where bad people lived and rebelled. Rebellion against the Khmer king. The king saw that the prince was good at fighting and ordered him to lead the Khmer army to suppress the uprising. The rebellion was successful. Thanks to the grace of the King of Cambodia, he bestowed honor and wealth on him. And he taught science and tactics to this prince. When the prince was in Cambodia, the kingdom had an area called Mulay, where bad people lived and rebelled. Rebellion against the Khmer king. The king saw that the prince was good at fighting and ordered him to lead the Khmer army to suppress the uprising. The rebellion was successful. Thanks to the grace of the King of Cambodia, he bestowed honor and wealth on him. And he taught science and tactics to this prince. When the prince was in Cambodia, the kingdom had an area called Mulay, where bad people lived and rebelled. Rebellion against the Khmer king. The king saw that the prince was good at fighting and ordered him to lead the Khmer army to suppress the uprising. The rebellion was successful. Thanks to the grace of the King of Cambodia, he bestowed honor and wealth on him. The king saw that the prince was good at fighting and ordered him to lead the Khmer army to suppress the uprising. The rebellion was successful. Thanks to the grace of the King of Cambodia, he bestowed honor and wealth on him. The king saw that the prince was good at fighting and ordered him to lead the Khmer army to suppress the uprising. The rebellion was successful. Thanks to the grace of the King of Cambodia, he bestowed honor and wealth on him.

1190 – Jayavarman VII neutralizes Dai Viet (of the Lycian emperor) to make it easier to attack the Cham during the year. At the same time, a good opportunity was given by King Cham Chey Indravarman IV to raise an army to attack the Khmer again. Did Jayavarman VII raise an army against the Cham invasion? An inscription in Po Nokor (Nha Trang) states, “He conquered the capital of Champa and collected both penises. All. This success was due to the fact that he commanded Vithyanan to raise an army to resist. He conquered the city of Vijay (Binh Dinh) and took King Cham Chey Indravarman IV as a captive to Jayavarman VII. He raised the younger brother of Jayavarman VII, N (younger brother of Chey Reach Devi), to the throne at Vichai. Named Suryayavarman Deva Then he raised an army to attack Bandurong (Phan Rang) and ascended the throne there with the royal name Suryavarman ‌ Tevak. The country of Champa was divided into two parts, one part ruled by the Khmer kings and the other part by the Cham kings. But soon the Chams at Vichey rose up, expelling Prince Ann, fleeing back to Cambodia and raising the Cham king. Nam Rasopati to ascend the throne instead. Taking this opportunity, Preah Reach Vithyanan reunited the Cham country after the assassination of Jayavarman V (Rosopati). And ascended the throne of the whole of Champa from AD 1192 to 1203. In AD In 1193 and 1194, Jayavarman VII tried to get Preah Vidyanan to recognize his power, but to no avail until AD. In 1203, he ordered another Cham king, Ong Thunpatikram, who was his uncle, to raise troops to attack. Defeat his nephew as long as possible. From AD From 1203 to 1220, Champa became a Khmer province. Chaos in the East, a neighboring country, did not prevent him from expanding his territory. The north and west of Cambodia are in this reign, as the Saifong inscriptions (near Vientiane) confirm. To date, Chinese historians have mentioned the power of Jayavarman VII to connect part of the Malay Peninsula and its power. As far as Burma. On the other hand, an inscription of Preah Khan temple says that the water was given by Brahmins, Suryapheaks and all the other Brahmins in The Royal Palace, the King of Yavana and the two kings of Champa. Brahmins are probably the masters of all the Brahmins in the royal palace. The king of Yuan was Emperor Lý Anh Tông, who reigned in AD 1175 Named for L្យ Cao Tông and reigned until AD. 1210. The two kings of Champa were the kings of Vijay (Binh Dinh) who were the younger brothers of the king. Jayavarman VII and the king who reigned in Bandurong (Phan Rang) was Vijayananda, protected by Jayavarman VII.

It is understood that the offering of mantras means acknowledging one’s belonging to the country to which one is offered. This tradition still exists today. In the Royal Palace of Phnom Penh or Bangkok, at the time of the coronation, the water for the ceremony is the water obtained from The main rivers of the country and from the various provinces of the Kingdom. The Cambodian subjugation of the two Champa countries did not last as long as the Javanese rule of the Annamite Empire. . After Chey Reach Devi ate the palace, Jayavarman VII was married to Indra Devi, the goddess of creation. Princess Joy Tevy. This queen is a woman rich in many knowledge. She took a position as a professor in a Buddhist pagoda and built an inscription on the sky. Which is an important source related to the biography of Jayavarman VII. It is not clear when Jayavarman VII died. He likely reigned until AD. 1218. He was known as Moha Borom Sao Kot. This name proves that he was a Buddhist, but even so, he had a Brahmin priest. The image of Russei Kes (Shishke ឝ), which testifies that Brahmanism at that time was still quite influential. According to the statue, King Jayavarman VII had strong flesh, a hair, and a small lock of hair. This feature is evident in many sculptures, two statues are found, one at Angkor Thom and the other at Pimai Chit temple. Korat (Korat Korat) (Nakhon Ratchasima) maintained at the Bangkok Museum. Both statues are statues of Jayavarman VII. 1218. He was known as Moha Borom Sao Kot. This name proves that he was a Buddhist, but even so, he had a Brahmin priest. The image of Russei Kes (Shishke ឝ), which testifies that Brahmanism at that time was still quite influential. According to the statue, King Jayavarman VII had strong flesh, a hair, and a small lock of hair. This feature is evident in many sculptures, two statues are found, one at Angkor Thom and the other at Pimai Chit temple. Korat (Korat Korat) (Nakhon Ratchasima) maintained at the Bangkok Museum. Both statues are statues of Jayavarman VII.

The exact date of his death is unknown. The question is, What was his illness that led to his death? There were two statues at that time: a statue in the small temple, called the hospital, east of Takeo. Dr. V. Goloubew studied the sculptures in detail to understand the story of “The Leper King”, but no statues were found. Not this. And he gave an article by Dr. Mesnard, director of the Institut Pasteur in Prey Nokor, handed it to him in AD. 1934 Commentary on the sculpture of Bayon temple as follows:

“Patients’ forearms and arms are the object of careful treatment of the women around them. A woman’s gesture is like holding her right ear wide open so that she can focus on the most important point. ” “Lower limb supported by an object below the knee.” “A woman lifts the man’s right leg with his left hand and his right hand as if squeezing his left foot.” “The gestures of these women indicate that the person has a disease of the limbs, leprosy?” Another important note near the human body was a vase full of round fruit. This fruit is probably the Chaulmoogra. Hydnocarpus anthelmintica is a tree that grows throughout the forest. Source: Psychology

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